Finalist, 2011 Army Historical Foundation Distinguished Writing Award
A hero who faced down Pancho Villa with only a pistol and turned the tide of battle during the Salerno Operation in late 1943, John Lucas discovered at Anzio that his comrades were more dangerous than his enemies.
Brevet Colonel, Commander of the 30th Indiana Volunteers, and recipient of the Medal of Honor - all by the age of 23 - Henry Lawton's career spanned four decades until he fell in battle "bringing democracy to a distant land."
Featured on the Center of Military History Civil War Website
The only American armored division commander to die in battle, Maurice Rose was the son and grandson of rabbis who rose from private to general to lead the premier American armored force to victory over the Nazi empire.
Martin Blumenson spent his life writing the history of an institution he respected greatly and knew intimately, the United States Army. He inspired generations of his students and successors to the highest standard of excellence.
Described by some pretty eminent art historians as perhaps his greatest work, Leonardo Da Vinci's "Battle of Anghiari" defined for centuries the way artists portray the fury of battle and the anatomy and motion of warriors and horses in combat. The lost work sparked intense and on-going debate, and inspired many other great masters working in a variety of media. But, the battle has disappeared from history. Why?
Historian, biographer, memoirist, "novelist", and companion of Socrates, at the end of his life Xenophon wrote a small book of advice about reforming the Athenian cavalry. A discussion of specific suggestions, Xenophon's Hipparchicus reflects decades of the author's experience as an army commander. The wily survivor offers subtle insights on leadership as well as observations valuable to modern theorists and practioners of the "mounted service" that will always resonate.
The Battle of Kadesh, the greatest chariot clash in all recorded history, pitted the war-hardened Hittites against an untested Pharaoh in a struggle that shaped the destinies of the two dominant empires of the early Iron Age. Recorded as a great Egyptian victory, it is a case study of how a brilliant and well-executed public relations campaign can trump performance - and reality.
Born to greatness, Peirce ended his life in poverty, obscurity, and disappointment. Afflicted by illness, pain, drug-addiction and the suffocating moral intolerance of 19th Century America, the time to tell his story to a broad audience has finally arrived.
More than 3,500 years ago, Abraham, the leader of the Hebrews, led his men on a daring, long-distance, commando raid to rescue hostages. Hidden in a very brief passage of Genesis is the story of the first organized military action and victory of the Jewish people, a tale of courage and inspired leadership, and battle far from their borders. One cannot help but think of Operation THUNDERBALL, the Israel Defense Forces dramatic rescue of Jewish hostages at Entebbe, Uganda on July 4, 1976.
Does it make any sense to talk about a "philosophy of war?" What kinds of things would be discussed in such an academic sub-category? Whose works would make up the canon of study? On that point, why is it that Carl von Clausevitz's early 19th century book "On War" is virtually the only work generally accepted as a work of philosophy? In a world where war is so common, why is there so little systematic examination of its "first principles?" These are only a few of the questions that spark this general inquiry.
A stamp "album" that illustrates the military history of the United States as depicted in postage stamps. From the US first official postage stamp showing George Washington in uniform (1857) to the present day, the nation has remembered its wars and battlefields - both famous and forgotten - and honored its heroes, its weapons, and its victories.
BRAD: The GI’s General - Omar Bradley (1893-1981)
(Clarence Lamont MacNelly, 1972)
Omar Bradley was the youngest and last of nine men to receive five-star rank, and the only post World War II officer so honored (1950). He was the only man in our history to successively command a division, a corps, an army, and an army group - the greatest breadth of field experience of any contemporary American commander. The first post-war administrator of the Veteran’s Administration, he implemented the GI Bill, then succeeded Eisenhower as Army Chief of Staff, eventually becoming the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the top military officer during the Korean War. His life and impact on his time – the first half of the twentieth century – have never been the subject of a serious biography, yet are fascinating in their details and still offer relevant and important lessons.
"West Point in the Making of America" (Smithsonian Exhibit, 2004)
Bradley, Marshall, and "Hap" Arnold in Normandy, June 1944
• Bradley was one of Gen. George Marshall’s principal aides in the War Department, during the period of geometric expansion just before World War II.
• As the Commandant of the Infantry School, Bradley was instrumental in establishing the first Infantry Officer’s Candidate School (OCS), which became the model for training tens of thousands of “citizen-soldier” company-grade officers during World War II.
• Bradley successively commanded a Division, Corps, Army and Army Group during World War II, the greatest breadth of field experience of any American commander. He rose from brigadier general to full general in five years
• Bradley’s II Corps took the first large unconditional surrender of Axis troops (50,000) by Americans in World War II (May 1943)
• Bradley commanded all American ground troops on D-Day, June 6, 1944
• Bradley conceived and led the great breakout from the hedgerows- Operation Cobra - during the Normandy Campaign in late July, 1944
• Bradley commanded the troops that liberated Paris in August 1944
• One of only three Americans ever to command an Army Group in combat, Bradley led more combat soldiers in the field than any American in history. By the end of WWII, his 12th Army Group consisted of four field Armies (Hodges’ First, Patton’s Third, Simpson’s Ninth, and Gerow’s Fifteenth), 16 Corps, 50 divisions, hundreds of thousands of vehicles, and more than 1.3 million men
• Bradley was appointed the first post-war head of the Veterans Administration, with responsibility for more than 17 million veterans, touching the lives of nearly 1 in 4 Americans households
• Bradley followed Eisenhower as Army Chief of Staff (Feb. 1948), a tenure during which he presided over the Berlin Airlift, the establishment of an independent Air Force and the “Admiral’s Revolt”
• Bradley was the first head of the military Committee of NATO (1949)
• Bradley was the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1949-1953) and held the office during the Korean War. He issued the orders that relieved Douglas MacArthur of his Far Eastern Command
• Bradley was the youngest and last of the nine men to receive five stars, the only Army officer to reach that rank after World War II (September 1950), and the last survivor of the nine. He died in 1981 and was buried in Arlington National Cemetary.